Week 5 – Intermediate Photography

I got this roll polished off fast.  It’s “freezer-stored” Tri-X that expired in 2000; I thought it would be nice to shoot some of the old stuff from before Kodak restructured the film, but I can’t say I’m happy with this particular roll, it does not seem to have been stored as well as I was led to believe, and I’m trying to find ways to minimize the fogging.  This was developed in D-76 stock solution for 10 minutes at 66F.

I remember back when I was just starting to take photography seriously, Richard Mosse was in the process of exhibiting his collection of images from the Congo, entitled “The Enclave.”  Here are a few:

1018 pohl col 4 Mosse Vintage Violence.jpg
Photos by Richard Mosse

It’s hard to pick just one image.  Richard Mosse was interested in bringing the attention of the world to a series of civil wars that have been happening in and around the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire) since the late-1990s.  Mosse shot most of the series on large format 8×10 and 16mm motion picture cameras (working with a dedicated cinematographer), using discontinued and expired Kodak Aerochrome EIR film, which was an infrared color reversal film developed for the US military for aerial reconnaissance and camouflage detection, and produces incredibly wild colors in vegetation.  The Lomography movement has really embraced the aesthetic of this particular film, and it’s unfortunate that Mosse’s series didn’t come out earlier, as the increase of interest and demand might have kept Kodak from axing it.

Mosse’s images really speak to the idea of uncovering things that are hidden, from the little-publicized civil war itself, to the original purpose of Aerochrome film.  While Mosse shows us ground-level images and is right up in soldiers’ faces as opposed to impersonal and removed aerial survey, the effect is the same: we get to watch the conflict from a safe and secure place.

Week 4 – Intermediate Photography

I learned a new word today: reticulation.  It basically describes what happens when there is an abrupt shift in temperature when developing a roll of film, for example when going from one bath to another.  From what I can tell, it looks a lot like having exaggerated grain, except it’s a bit more uniformly placed, and circular.



I don’t know enough about it to say if that’s what went on here, but I think I must have been a bit too sloppy when processing this particular roll.  I think the film may have fogged a bit, which would mean I should have added more Potassium Bromide.  On top of that, I might have pushed the film slightly without meaning to, or at least overdeveloped.  The negatives came out denser and with much higher contrast than I’m used to.  At least I kind of know what’s going on with it, and considering everything I try with this particular batch of T-Max makes it look worse, I’ll go back to what I was doing here, pulling one stop and developing in D-76.

On another matter, my first results from using a short exposure roll didn’t go quite as well as I’d hoped.  In fact, there’s almost nothing usable on the roll at all.  Thankfully, it would appear that I don’t necessarily need to keep my weekly assignments completely separate from my larger class projects as I originally thought.  I rushed through the rest of the roll in my Spotmatic and got it processed and scanned yesterday.

A friend of mine gave me that book a couple of years ago, when I was completing my final for the intro class, which had to do with portraits.  While I had been familiar with the National Geographic documentary films growing up, I’d never paid much attention to the magazine itself.  I hear that some big events are afoot there, being bought out by Rupert Murdoch after spending 127 years as a non-profit organization.  I wasn’t familiar with William Albert Allard’s work before owning the In Focus book, and I haven’t found too much out since then, either, though from his site I learned that he’s one of the only photographers of his generation whose entire body of work has been in color.  There were several fantastic portraits by Allard in that National Geographic book, but I think this one is particularly striking:

Eduardo Ramos with his dead sheep, Puno, Peru, 1981 – William Albert Allard

“A taxi had come tearing down the road and hammered through the sheep, brutally flinging half of them off the road…The driver never even stopped.  But we did.  As the boy looked up at me with his shattered face, I made just a few pictures because I had to…More than $6000 in contributions came in from readers from all over America.  They wanted to help.  The Geographic contacted CARE, and that organization was able to locate Eduardo…His family’s sheep were replaced, a water pump was provided for his village.” -William Albert Allard, from In Focus: National Geographic Greatest Portraits

There’s something in the boy’s face that says: “Why are you pointing a camera at me now?”  You can tell by his clothes how poor he is and how the loss of even a few sheep could be a devastating blow.  I think in that situation, my first instinct wouldn’t be to take a picture, it would be to get in and help physically.  Yet with the resources and reach of a magazine the size of National Geographic, as well as the compassion and generosity of its readers, taking that photograph helped that boy more than anything else anyone physically there could have done.  There are alternating stories told of Allard’s portrait of Eduardo; another version is in the video you can see at this site.

This video is also a good one to watch:


When I was a boy and I would see scary things in the news, my mother would say to me, ‘Look for the helpers. You will always find people who are helping.’ To this day, especially in times of ‘disaster,’ I remember my mother’s words and I am always comforted by realizing that there are still so many helpers – so many caring people in this world.” – Fred Rogers

Assignment #2: street photography – Intro to Photography

Fall 2013.  We were to practice the art of being a flaneur and connoisseur of the streets, something I’ve come to enjoy more and more since.  All I used to do was work and play video games, and even when I went on a hike, it was earbuds in and head down.  These days, I take a camera with me almost everywhere, I stroll, I look at almost everything, and I learned to always have the camera cocked, the next exposure ready to go: you never know when that perfect shot will materialize.

I remember we watched several videos, looked at plenty of pictures, all having to do with street photography, and how to really go about getting over fear, being able to just walk up to someone, put a camera in their face, and snap a shot before they knew what was happening.  I’m still working on that, it’s about as far from my natural inclination as can be.

I experienced a truly transcendent moment while out on one of my walks in Woodland Park: I had crossed three sides of one intersection, just killing some time, when a group of middle school girls appeared, capering up the street.  The light was red and I was waiting at the cross section, they were coming from the other side of the street. My camera slung around in front of me, I made sure I was set for another shot, stopped down all the way and the focus set to take in as much of the action as possible.  We all waited at the crosswalk together, myself and about a dozen tween girls.  As the sign changed to “Walk,” the girls surged across the street towards Starbucks and a shot of caffeine they obviously didn’t need; I had the camera hanging down at stomach-level and when I was in the midst of the crowd I took my shot blind and as surreptitiously as possible, well aware of the cars stopped and the possible witnesses.  I’d never felt like such a creeper in my life, some bearded guy in his late ’20s wearing an army jacket and taking pictures of middle school girls.  I just hoped I’d escaped the notice of the stopped drivers, just brushed the camera, tripped the shutter release, casually kept walking up the street.  I didn’t even wind the lever again until I was around the corner.  Usually, it’s pretty easy to tell when I’ve captured a great image because it sticks in my mind hours and days after I’ve taken it, before I ever get the film developed, and this was definitely one of those times.

Here are a few outtakes:

AB000 AA012


Cyanotype onesies – Alternative Processes

So here are the final examples of the cyanotypes I did on cotton.  I never was able to determine why exactly they turned yellow, but I have ideas, and perhaps one day I’ll experiment more.


I tried washing the onesies beforehand, that didn’t work.  I tried washing afterwards in cold water, but they started to fade.  I tried prewashing cold without detergent for the last one, didn’t make a difference.  The only thing I can think of right now, is that I was on well water at the time, whereas the cyanotype solution was mixed on campus with city water, but aside from that, I don’t know what I did wrong.  Other people printed cyanotypes on cotton with no problem!  For the record, they were a gorgeous deep blue until I took them home and put them through the washing machine.

I snapped this just to have a record of it before I sent these off to my friends (and their new baby) in Boulder.

The first part of this post is here.

Week 3 – Intermediate Photography

Here’s my stuff.  I walked around all week with a new lens on my Spotmatic, the Chinon 55mm f/1.7 macro.  Or is that “macro?”  There seems to have been some discussion over whether or not this is merely a close-focusing lens or a true macro lens.  I’m still learning the difference myself, so I won’t comment here about it, but I think the lens has plenty of character, and I like the look, plus the price was right.  Since I’ve carried around with me one of three normal primes over the last few months, each with their own pros and cons, I was wondering if the Chinon might give me the best options of being sharp, fast enough in low light, and with the ability to focus closer than I usually need.  The jury is still out, but I’ll say that it’s hard getting used to focusing the opposite direction after spending so much time with the Takumars; that is my biggest gripe, but if it means missing the shot, it could be a big one.  So far, I’ve been more than happy with the 1.8/55 SMC Takumar as my everyday lens, but the Chinon is at least an acceptable alternative.

It occurred to me after I posted a week ago, that as far as waiting for the perfect shot, there’s another really iconic photograph that should be talked about, especially in the context of concerts since that’s what I shot a lot of the last week, that also has a pretty good story behind it.

The Clash’s Paul Simonon – Pennie Smith

From what I remember reading off Smith’s firsthand account, Simonon had been having trouble with his bass for a few songs at that point and had had just about enough.  Smith had one last exposure left on her roll of film before she’d have to rewind, and instead of snapping something quick, rewinding, and loading a new roll, she sat on that last exposure.  She could feel that something was about to happen, and it did; she was in the perfect spot to take a critical shot because she was attuned to what was going on around her, and decided not to waste a critical exposure on any lesser shot.  And it paid off in a big way, becoming the cover to London Calling and one of the most iconic rock ‘n’ roll pictures of all time.

I can think of no photograph that better encapsulates the punk era’s rage and frustration, a teenage angst-driven rock ‘n’ roll for a new generation, as well as its level of naivete and penchant for destruction.  It truly is a thousand words.

When you can’t tell the difference

Yesterday, our class was shown a mini demo of Ilford fiber paper vs. regular RC paper (also from Ilford).  Besides learning that Ilford is considered more of a budget brand when it comes to paper, barely good enough to get by it seems, I’m also learning things about myself, maybe differences between my other classmates and me.  Perhaps the difference is between those who major in photography and who are going on to make a living in photography after they graduate versus those who are only there because they like it a lot and are good enough to continue taking classes.

We looked at the different prints (of the same shot) while they were still wet, which could have made a difference I’m told, but whereas everyone in the class was oohing and aahing over the differences, I could barely tell the two apart.  It was a moment that was a bit surreal for me, as in my (music) composition lessons, I’m dealing with themes like individuality, marginalization, and sheep mentality, so here was the perfect opportunity for me to go against the flow and speak my mind, which I did…eventually.  It’s hard sometimes, to set yourself apart from the crowd.

The reactions were about what I expected (one guy jokingly asked me if I needed to get my eyes checked; now that I think about it, it has been a good five years since I last got my prescription changed), but what was somewhat frustrating is that they didn’t really hear what I was saying.  Here’s where the differences were: I was coming from the place where I was saying, Guys, I’ll accept that there’s a huge difference, but I can’t see the huge difference, I can see a marginal difference, and I don’t even know if I have the training or experience to see what the differences are, and certainly couldn’t articulate it.  Their responses all told me that what they heard was What’s the difference, what’s the point?  And at some point, they all expressed amazement and disbelief that I couldn’t tell the difference.  Guys, I can tell the difference: the fiber paper print had a bit more contrast in certain aspects; that’s about as much as I can see or articulate right now.

There’s a pretty wide gulf for me between those two viewpoints, but I have experience in other areas where people do say things like:
-digital is just as good as film
-plugins sound just as good as outboard equipment
-digital recording sounds just as good as tape
Now, perhaps what they’re really saying is that they don’t hear a wide gulf between the two, but the consequent to their points is almost invariably, So why put in the extra effort/money?  Mine, on the other hand, was really a lot closer to, I want to be educated, because I have too much experience with people who accept nothing that their own senses don’t take in; like someone with color blindness, I’m willing to accept the fact that there’s a vast difference that I can’t see.

I hope someday that with further training and experience I will be able to see the difference.  And until then, sure, I’ll still take the plunge to fiber paper.  Not only will it be good for me to gain experience working with it, but it should help take my work to the next level.  And hopefully one day, when I am able to see the difference, I’ll be able to look at my old work and appreciate it in a new way.  Until then, just know that I’m doing it for you.

Fujipet EE – Ektar 100

It’s been more than a year since I loaded this camera, and I spent all of last school year with the Fujipet just in my backpack.  Things I learned:
-I didn’t have the film advanced to frame 1 for the first several months I shot it, and it took several months to get to frame 1 because I wasn’t winding it far enough, either (I really didn’t use it that often).
-it might need faster film, or a bit more sun
-maybe I shouldn’t be leaving Ektar 100 lying around in a camera for a year before processing?
-maybe before making any judgements, I need to shoot another roll.  I remember that I didn’t always have any needle action when looking through the viewfinder, I just hoped for the best.

I’ll also admit, I’m a bit rusty on color film now, and the fact that I didn’t have the Pakon’s color profiles really bummed me out.  I scanned on the school’s Epson Perfection 10000 in the Visual Resource Dept. (I assumed that would give me better results than the V600s in the library), which took me about an hour for the 10 images that turned out.  Then another couple hours in Photoshop trying to get the colors to look right (large blue cast, and I don’t think I got completely there with some of them, but I burned out, man).

Ektar looks great when I can get it properly exposed, though why it wasn’t most of the time, still confuses me.  Everything I’ve been able to find about the Fujipet says that it should use ASA100 film, but many of my shots came out really underexposed, and that was with me covering the selenium meter with my hand, telling the camera to give it the widest aperture it could.

I have some Fuji Across in 120 that I bought with the express purpose of putting through this camera, but I’m wondering if I shouldn’t pick up something a bit faster, even going back to Tri-X, because the other thing I’m wondering is if the selenium meter is starting to go.  I do think, however, that I’ll put at least one roll of Acros through it, and I’ll make sure to shoot it on a sunny day.

All complaining aside for a second though, I think the Fujipet has a pretty sharp lens, considering it’s plastic, and I can get plenty of detail on those scans when the camera shake doesn’t affect the picture.  OK, I guess I’m not done complaining, after all.  1/50 second can be kind of hard to use handheld with the 70mm lens.  I’ll have to attach it to the tripod next time.

Week 2 – Intermediate Photography

Editing, editing, editing…I’m only supposed to be posting three images, but there are usually more than three that I don’t hate, and to keep from having too many heartbreaking rejections, I need to shoot less (because that makes sense).  Actually, I’ll save money this way too, cutting 24-exposure rolls in half, but it seems a bit silly now worrying about being able to create new images weekly.

I practice a lot on knowing the right time to take a shot, it helps me save money to not waste exposures, etc.  When I shoot concerts sometimes I’ll sit on a shot for several songs waiting for a musician to pose a certain way or get a certain look on his/her face.  In each of these photographs above, it was the same way, sitting in the same spot for minutes waiting for the frame to compose itself, but this is still child’s play for someone of the caliber of Ansel Adams.  I’ve read many stories over the years about how he would go to a certain spot night after night for months, just waiting for the perfect conditions to materialize.

Moonrise, Hernandez – Ansel Adams

I remember reading a story about this above photo told by Adams’s son, how they were driving around the desert looking for the perfect spot to photograph this town, and finally Adams sees the spot, slams on the brakes, and runs out of the car with large format camera in hand, leaving a trail of other equipment behind him.  He couldn’t find his light meter and had to guess his exposure based on what he knew about the luminosity of the moon.  He took his first shot, and was preparing for a safety exposure, but by the time he had his next sheet of film loaded, the clouds had overtaken the moon and the shot was gone.  (if I remember correctly)

It’s hard to say anything about that picture that hasn’t already been said, but it’s not even the picture itself that I’m necessarily drawn to, as I prefer some of his other images.  I think it’s just knowing that it has such an interesting story behind it that really makes it significant in my mind.

Assignment #1 – Intro to Photography

Fall 2013.  Our first assignment was to explore shutter speeds and apertures, learning how to use them in creative ways go get the effect we were after.  We were to produce six prints: fast and slow shutter speeds, wide and narrow depths-of-field, and two that were a combination.   And I had to use at least two rolls of film to do it, and show the contact sheets.  That part really went against my way of working in the past, taking a month or more to finish a single roll (these requirements cured me of using 36-exposure rolls, too).  Though I suppose with assignments lasting only 2-3 weeks, it makes sense.  I quickly got to the point where I would shoot for a few days (one week tops), and spend the rest of the time in the darkroom, printing.

AA012 AA023a
narrow depth of field, wide depth of field

AA023 AA017
long exposure, short exposure

AA031 AA026
wide dof/long exposure, narrow dof/short exposure

I believe I have all the aperture and shutter speed info written down somewhere, but not on me.

There are two self-portraits in there, as well as one that I took at my old job at Seven Falls before it closed down.  Two of the shots were taken while out cutting down dead trees for firewood with a friend, an annual Summer activity.  What’s nice is that now that I’ve finally got these scanned to my satisfaction (for now), I can put up some outtakes that either didn’t fit the assignment or didn’t work with the rest of the images.  Some of them may be familiar:


Joe’s personal Caffenol C-L recipe

For what it’s worth, this is my own personal recipe, I’m still experimenting with it, but I’ve been pretty happy with the results.  If I change anything, I’ll come back to this post.


For starters: I am using a Paterson universal tank.  I keep the 1liter water measure, because that will fill up that tank to the brim.  I fill to the brim because I’m using at least a semi-stand development method, and I want as little air inside the tank as possible.  My recipe is based on Reinhold’s, but converted to the American volumetric measuring system, and from doing some digging online and off, I’ve included a few other useful rules of thumb, like developing times.

Astro Beck (who is a friend of my Alt.Process instructor) told me that caffenol tends to “contaminate” plastic to some degree and exhausts fixer, et. al, faster than normal processes, so it’s best to have a tank and all other chemicals set aside exclusively for caffenol use.  If all you do is caffenol, I’m sure it wouldn’t matter, but this could be important if you’re still developing with other chemicals, or share equipment with someone who does.

I’m using the C-L recipe because I have found Potassium Bromide to be essential.  I know there are recipe/film combinations that work without it, but I shoot mostly Kodak film, and Kodak films tend to fog badly without KBr.

I’ve listed ingredients in the order that they should be added, usually mix hard and wait for the water to clear to see if more mixing is needed.  The KBr that I have is a combination of powder and large crystals.  The hard crystals are fine in the solution, but they need a bit of soaking before they’re ready to be crushed down, and then more soaking before they completely dissolve.  Coffee is last because you won’t be able to see anything after it’s added.  Generally, I use water at around 70F (70 degrees Fahrenheit) though the original recipe calls for 68, as it takes enough time to mix that the water cools down (unless it’s Summer, then maybe it should be 66F…will experiment and check back).

Water (1000ml) – for two rolls, a full tank
Washing soda (3 1/2 tsp)
Vitamin C (2 tsp)
Potassium Bromide (~1/4 tsp) (KBr)
Instant coffee (8 tsp)

Water (500ml) – for one roll (I know, you only need 300ml, you could do a third of the 1liter recipe)
Washing soda (>2 tsp)
Vitamin C (<1 tsp) (a heaping teaspoon)
Potassium Bromide (~1/8 tsp) (KBr)
Instant coffee (4 tsp)

After all ingredients are mixed, let sit for 5 minutes (this is a good time to start presoaking your film as well).  After 5mins/when you’re ready, dump the water out of the tank and pour in the developer.  Here’s a good rule of thumb for developing times:

ASA100 – 15mins
ASA200 – 30mins
ASA400 – 45mins
etc.  Every extra stop, add 15mins.

I use semi-stand development, which is something like 10sec immediately, then 5sec after that at 1min, 2min, 4min, 8min, 15min, 30min, etc.

This seems to work with all regular Kodak black & white films (I haven’t tried Double-X, etc), so it’s more a case of what speed you’re shooting at rather than what film you’re using.  Since you’re agitating much less, grain is reduced, and I particularly like what it does to Tri-X.

I’ll admit that my negatives look pretty thin using this formula, however, they are extremely low contrast, so no detail is lost.

I’ve found that adding more coffee will make the film develop faster, but mostly has the effect of making the highlights block up, so definitely go light on the coffee if you’re pushing film a few stops.

For more information on where I sourced my materials and how much I paid, click here.

(note: I forgot to transcribe my recipe before I moved, had to go back and get my notebook, so my last roll of film was just slightly off, as I went by new/different calculations)